Definition of ‘Buddha’

Definition of Buddha

The Word Buddha ‘Budh’ is a title, not a name. Its origins are Sanskrit, the classical language of India. ‘Budh’ is ‘to know’ or ‘one who is awake’ The title was first given to Prince Siddhartha Gautama 2,500 years ago in northern India, which in now Nepal.

Siddhartha Gautama was son of King Rajahof the Sakya tribe, Nepal. At the age of 33 Siddhartha left the luxuries of his father’s palaces and all earthly ambitions and possessions for moral virtues. Buddha Siddhartha saw the mindful or contemplative life as the way to self-enlightenment.

For years Siddhartha struggled by the traditional means of contemplation and asceticism, to deeply understand the cause of human’s attachments and sufferings. The more Siddhartha contemplated his own mind, the more he found only his own effort to contemplate. The evening before his enlightenment, Siddhartha gave up, Siddhartha ate healthy food, he felt a change in him. Buddha Siddhartha sat down under a bodhi tree, vowing not to rise until he had obtained enlightenment or ‘supreme awakening’ He experienced complete awakening or self-enlightenment. For the next 40 years Buddha Siddhartha’s teachings helped many. He died at the age of 81 in Kusinagara, Oudh.

Buddha Siddhartha’s teaching is summarized in the 4 Noble Truths, the last of which affirms the existence of a path leading to relief from the universal human experience of suffering. The goal is Nirvana ‘the blowing out’ of the fires of all desires and the absorption of the self into the infinite.

Definition of Buddha